Appearance of the Hungarian (10th-13th c.)


The Hungarian appeared around the end of the ninth century, establishing the seat of their prince near the crossing of the Danube. They quickly recognized the geostrategic significance of the place. Obuda, the territory of the civilian city of Aquincum, became the first centre of Hungary. (The name of Buda derives from a Hungarian given name.)

The princely (and later, royal) seat was moved to Esztergom in 973, and returned to Obuda only in the thirteenth century. The Western European type of urban and bourgeois development began in Pest, which had a mixed German- Hungarian population in the thirteenth century.