Establishing the railway network in 19th century
The unique geographical position of the capital played an important role in
the development of the economy. The Hungarian railway network was built before
the industrial revolution (in the 1850s).
All the main railway lines radiated
out from the capital in all directions across the Carpathian Basin, towards
Vienna, the Adriatic, the Balkans and northern Europe. The development of the
railway network around Budapest was influenced primarily by political
considerations: the Hungarian capital - politically still subordinate to Vienna
- wanted to secure its control over the Carpathian Basin. Moreover, since the
construction of railways was heavily subsidized, the railway lines were soon
acquired by the state, so that national strategic considerations could
determine where the lines were laid. The various railway lines met at the
navigable section of the Danube, at the largest river port: Budapest.