A little history


The construction of the Royal Palace was begun in the middle of the thirteenth century, and was continued in the fourteenth century by King Louis the Great who had a keep built here. The building of the outer walls and of the western fortifications was not finished until the end of the century. In the fifteenth century Sigismund of Luxembourg continued the construction and added a chapel and a palace. Construction - work reached its peak with King Matthias, who had the - southeastern fortifications built, as well as a Renaissance royal palace. In the late fifteenth century the King of Hungary's palace was one of the most splendid royal seats in Europe. His famous library, the Bibliotheca Corviniana, according to his contemporaries, equaled the Medici Library in Florence.

During Turkish times the palace became increasingly neglected and was finally destroyed in the great siege of 1686. In 1715 the medieval ruins were cleared. The building of the southern wing of the present-day palace was started in the eighteenth century during the reign of Maria Theresa, first to the plans of the chief court architect J. N. Jadot and later according to the designs of F. A. Hillebrandt and Ignác Oracsek. The other parts were built at the end of the nineteenth century, during the reign of Francis Joseph I, to the plans of Alajos Hauszman (1847-1926) and Miklós Ybl (1814-189I). (From 1790 the Palatine representing the Habsburg kings lived in the palaces.) In March 1800 Joseph Haydn conducted in it his oratorio The Creation.

In the siege of 1945 the palace collapsed and was burnt down. During its rebuilding the remains of the medieval palaces and fortifications were excavated. When completely reconstructed and repaired, the entire complex of buildings will serve cultural purposes.