The Lukács and Császár baths.

Continuing our walk and crossing Mártírok útja, the main boulevard of Buda, through an underground passage, we are in Frankel Leó utca, where, at No. 25-29. we find the Lukács spa and swimming pool, and, at No. 31-33 , the Császár baths. These small bathing establishments grew at the beginning of the nineteenth century on the level land between the hills and the river Danube. As early as the Middle Ages, charitable knights had a hospital here, and later the Turks added baths. However , in Turkish times the abundant hot springs were mainly used to work the gunpowder-mills. At present the baths fed by 17 springs and with a temperature of 17-50oC 60-122oF), provide relief and cure for patients suffer- ing from rheumatism, arthritis, inflammations and muscular diseases. On the left side of Frankel Leó utca, the Mill Pond ( Malom-tó ) collects the water of the hot-water springs.

The Lukács baths were built by József Hild in 1842 in neo-Classic style. The tablets on the walls of the inner court have been placed there by grateful patients who were cured here. The original Turkish bath hall of the Csaszár baths is surrounded by neo-Classic and Romantic buildings. The curative effect of the water was known to the Romans. The bath hall was built in 1571-72 by Sokoli Mustapha. The other parts of the building were constructed in I829 to the designs of József Hild. Next to the old bath rises the Komjádi sports swimming pool, completed in 1976. Along the opposite side of the narrowing street is the long building of a former hospital for rheumatics. The new trade union sanatorium built in 1968-70 rises above it on Rose Hill (Rózsadomb).