Vörösmarty tér


The square (Vörösmarty tér) is one of the busiest centers of the Inner City. Here are the air terminals and the offices of most foreign airline companies. Many bus-routes go near the square and the old underground railway has its terminal here. In the centre of the square is a statue of Mihály Vörösmarty, the great Hungarian poet of the nineteenth century. A glance round the square reveals a big fashion store, several travel offices, some antique shops and an old pastry-shop which now bears the name of Vörösmarty, but was founded by H. Kugler, and was later owned by the famous Swiss family of confectioners Gerbeaud. Not only the furnishings and atmosphere of the pastry-shop preserve its old traditions but also the quality of its products.

A new building rises on the Danube side of the square: this "palace of culture" houses several musical establishments, publishing houses and editorial offices; on the ground-floor are a record shop, an exhibition hall and a concert agency and on the first floor we find a concert hall. It is adjoined on the Danube side by a Romantic-style building, the Vigadó (Concert Hall), built in 1859-64 to the designs of Frigyes Feszl (1821-1884); this is an early and important manifestation of Hungarian Romantic architecture; it played a significant part in the social and artistic life of the capital, and was the scene of great balls and receptions. The most famous artists of the world appeared in the concert hall.

Since its reconstruction in 1980, it is once more the scene of popular concerts. The façade is decorated with symbolic figures connected with music and dance and with statues of the great men of Hungarian history. The obelisk in the little square in front of the Vigadó was erected to the memory of the Soviet soldiers who died fighting for the liberation of the capital.